Parliament has handed the landmark Cybersecurity Act 2020 to guard individuals from fraudulent on-line transactions in addition to safeguard the nation’s digital area.
The regulation establishes the Cyber Safety Authority, protects the essential info infrastructure of the nation, regulates cybersecurity actions, supplies for the safety of youngsters on the web and develops Ghana’s cybersecurity ecosystem.
It is usually focused at positioning Ghana to forestall, handle and reply to cybersecurity incidents in view of the digital transformation agenda.
The memorandum signed by the Minister for Communications, Ursula Owusu-Ekuful, acknowledged that, “a profitable economic system is hinged on a secured, protected and resilient nationwide digital ecosystem. Cybersecurity is, due to this fact, very essential to the financial improvement of the nation and important to the safety of the rights of people throughout the nationwide digital ecosystem”.
Now greater than ever, the web has grow to be a key facilitator of engagements for particular person customers, companies and Authorities throughout the globe.
In Ghana, the rising reliance on the web and Data Communication Know-how has led to elevated cybersecurity incidents corresponding to ransomware, cyber theft, banking fraud, cyber espionage and different cyber-attacks focused at essential info infrastructure.
These cybersecurity incidents have affected essential sectors of the nation together with power, telecommunications, banking and finance and have precipitated disruptions within the supply of important providers. If unchecked, it will possibly undermine the safety and economic system of the nation.
The regulation additionally addresses offences in opposition to youngsters and most people on-line as such acts are presently rising as a result of utilization of digital providers and platforms particularly on this period of COVID-19.
The ratification of the African Union Conference on Cyber Safety and Private Information Safety (Malabo Conference) and the Conference on Cybercrime (Budapest Conference) by Parliament in 2018 and 2019 requires Ghana to determine applicable mechanisms for cybersecurity governance, to fight cybercrime, promote cybersecurity and facilitate each home and worldwide cooperation within the battle in opposition to cybercrime. The implementation of the regulation is predicted to boost and re-affirm Ghana’s management on cybersecurity issues within the sub-region.
A lot of initiatives have been applied by the federal government by the Ministry of Communications to enhance Ghana’s cybersecurity improvement. These embody the revision of Ghana’s Nationwide Cybersecurity Coverage and Technique, the institution of the Nationwide Cyber Safety Centre, the launch of the Safer Digital Ghana marketing campaign, the launch of Cybercrime and Cybersecurity Incident Reporting Factors of Contact.
Others embody the institution of the Pc Emergency Response Groups (CERT) on the Nationwide Communications Authority (NCA) and the Safety Operations Centres at each the Financial institution of Ghana and the Nationwide Data Know-how Company (NITA) in addition to capability constructing on cybercrime for the felony justice sector.
The regulation additionally empowers safety and regulation enforcement businesses to fight cybercrime and makes provision for devoted sources of funding for the Cyber Safety Authority and its actions.